Diabetes – Causes and Symptoms - Prevention and Control - Health impact - Diagnosis and treatment
Diabetes – Causes and Symptoms, prevention and Control - Health impact- Diagnosis and treatment
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Diabetes has become a very common health problem in the world
There are two main types of diabetes Type 1 Diabetes and Type-2 Diabetes. In type-1 Diabetes body does not produce insulin and in type 2 diabetes body does not produce enough insulin or the insulin that is produced does not work properly
The pancreas produces a hormone called Insulin that helps regulate the metabolism of sugars. insulin allows your body to use sugar (glucose) from the carbohydrate from the food that you eat daily. or to store glucose for future use.
Insulin controls your blood sugar level. When our body fails to produce enough insulin or no insulin at all, the glucose does not reach your cells. This results in the health condition termed diabetes.
Nearly seventy-seven million Indians have diabetes. Some numbers of India.
Total adult population in India: 859,956,100
Prevalence of diabetes in adults: 8.9%
Total cases of diabetes in adults: 77,005,600
Most of diabetes patients doesn’t know that they are living with diabetes. when they admit in the hospital in a health crisis then it comes to know that they have highly elevated blood sugar.
According to one new study, one in ten heart attack patients may have undetected diabetes.
Warning signs that should get your attention.
The three classic signs of high blood sugar those are increased thirst, increased hunger and increase urination.
If your wounds are not healing it could be another warning sign, the body's not able to fight that infection because of that extra glucose in the system.
Frequent yeast or urinary tract infections may also be a warning sign.
Diagnosis of type 2 diabetes: type 2 diabetes is a metabolic disorder that causes sugar in the form of glucose to accumulate in the blood rather than being used as fuel by the cells in our body.
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Diabetes is diagnosed by three types of laboratory blood tests, the fasting blood glucose test, hemoglobin a1c test, and the oral glucose tolerance test.
The fasting blood glucose test: measures blood glucose in a person who has not eaten for at least twelve hours. if fasting blood glucose shows 126 milligrams per deciliter or higher that means its diabetes.
Hemoglobin a1c: Hemoglobin a1c which is an estimate of average blood glucose levels over the last three months. diabetes is diagnosed when an a1c is 6.5 percent or higher on two separate occasions.
Oral glucose tolerance test: The oral glucose tolerance test or O GTT this test measures your blood glucose two hours after drinking a glucose liquid. If the glucose tolerance test level is 200 milligrams per deciliter or higher it means you have diabetes.
if one or more of these tests are positive your doctor will ask you to repeat the test to confirm the diagnosis of diabetes.
Again, if test results are close to the higher end of the normal range, your chances of developing diabetes are increased, and you may have pre-diabetes.
Early-stage diagnosis: Because of diabetes is not diagnosed at an early stage or blood glucose levels are not kept in the normal range, multiple complications can occur over time.
Fortunately, diagnosing diabetes at an early stage and managing it well, can help delay or prevent many of these complications. Regular check-ups are important because at the early stages of diabetes or its complications a person may not have any symptoms.
Diabetic Retinopathy: High glucose levels can cause damage to small and large blood vessels. Fluctuating blood glucose levels both higher and lower can affect the eyes.
High blood glucose over the long-term caused Diabetic Retinopathy and severely low blood glucose cause bleeding inside the eyes. diabetes remains the leading cause of blindness in the world.
Diabetic Kidney Disease: which is also known as diabetic nephropathy is another serious complication that remains the leading cause of kidney failure, requiring dialysis or kidney transplantation.
Nerve Damage: About one in three persons with diabetes have some degree of nerve damage known as diabetic neuropathy. high blood sugar (glucose) can injure nerves throughout your body, this causes loss of sensation in the hands and feet.
If you have nerve damage in your feet, regular foot examinations and preventive care is most important.
Damage to large blood vessels may cause heart attacks strokes and blood flow problems that can lead to foot ulcers or even amputations.
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Monitoring is very important: Blood glucose monitoring and periodic Hemoglobin a1c testing can help you stay on track in controlling your diabetes.
your doctor will also carry out other lab tests such as monitoring of blood cholesterol and triglyceride levels as well as carry out a urine protein test to monitor kidney function.
your eyes should also be examined regularly for retinopathy glaucoma and cataracts
the pneumonia vaccine and annual influenza vaccines are recommended for most patients with type 2 diabetes.
In summary, type 2 diabetes is diagnosed through various blood tests if not diagnosed early or if in adequately controlled, diabetes can lead to damage of important organs that impact health and quality of life.
Regular monitoring of diabetes with your doctor can help prevent these complications or detect them at an early stage.
Control your blood sugar level naturally
1) Know about your blood sugar: it's very important to understand and know what happens to your blood sugars during the day or with the food so please check your blood Sugar, monitor them, and report it back to your health care provider.
2) Stress management and sleep: Yes, stress management and sleep have a big impact on your blood sugar. Not sleeping well, being stressed all the time, and will increase your blood sugar as much as if you have it in big chocolate or cake. Every night we must take a sufficient amount of high-quality sleep. please make sure you get enough sleep at night. practice meditation.
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3) Exercise: This is the most important thing you can do for yourself and for your diabetes. Regular exercise can help you lose weight and increase insulin sensitivity. Some form of exercise you can include Brisk walking, Running, Swimming, Hiking, Dancing. And spend at least 30 minutes at a time, five to six days in a week to take care of yourself and your diabetes.
4) Know about carbohydrates: Know, how different kinds of carbohydrates affect blood glucose levels. limit your intake of unhealthful carbs and focus on healthful carbohydrates. talk with your doctor about your carb intake, and keep track of how much you consume.
You should avoid white bread, white rice, white pasta, cakes, and other baked goods containing white flour. And the foods contain added sugar.
Include brown or wild rice, barley. quinoa, oatmeal, millet, high-fiber cereals in your diet.
5) Stay Hydrated: Drink Enough water and stay hydrated. When you drink more water, it helps the kidney to flush out excess blood sugar through urine. Drinking water regularly reduces the risk of diabetes.
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6) Bitter gourd: bitter gourd also known as bitter melon, It can be helpful for controlling diabetes, due to its blood glucose-lowering effects. Drink bitter gourd juice daily.
Remove the seeds of 2 to 3 bitter gourds and extract the juice using a juicer, add some water and then drink it. Continue this treatment daily in the morning on an empty stomach. for at least 2/3 months.
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7) Cinnamon powdered: cinnamon has the ability to lower blood sugar levels by stimulating insulin activity.
mix 1/2 to 1 teaspoon of cinnamon in a cup of warm water, drink it first thing in the morning on an empty stomach
One more method is to boil 3 / 4 cinnamon sticks in a cup of water and steep for 20 minutes. drink this solution daily for one month and see the improvement and keep continuing.
8) Fenugreek (Methi seeds): Fenugreek is an herb that can also be used to control diabetes, improve glucose tolerance, and lower blood sugar levels due to its hypoglycemic quality.
Keep two tablespoons of fenugreek seeds in water overnight. drink the water along with the seeds in the morning on an empty stomach, continue this remedy for a few months.
9) Jamun Seeds: We normally eat Jamuns and simply discard the seeds, but these seeds are also very healthy especially for diabetic people. what you can do is you can simply dry off these seeds, you can keep it in sunlight or even you can dry up in room temperature, and then make a powder of these seeds in a mixer grinder. Take 1 TSP in the morning and 1 TSP during the evening with normal water. This Jamun powder is very helpful in diabetes.
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