Novel Coronavirus Outbreak, What is Coronavirus?, How to prevent COVID-19


Novel Coronavirus Outbreak

2019-nCoV (2019-NOVEL CORONAVIRUS)

COVID-19

Coronavirus Disease

Latest status as on 11.59 pm 16'th June 2020.
Last 24 hrs.

Globally:
Total Cases 7 941 791 (New Cases- 118 502)  434 796 Deaths (New-3 255)

China: 
Cases 84 823 (New- 45)  4 645 Deaths (New- 0)

Africa:
Cases 181 903 (New- 6 400)  4 235  Deaths (New- 124)

Americas:
Cases 3 841 609 (New - 69 770) 203 574 Deaths (New- 1 726)

Eastern Mediterranean:
Cases 796 759 (New Cases- 18 559) Deaths 17 558 (New-481)

Europe:
Cases: 2  434 184 (New Cases- 17 264) 188 779 Deaths (New- 429)

South-East Asia:
Cases 486 673 (New Cases- 15 281) 13 409 Deaths (New- 482)

Western Pacific:

Cases 199 922 (New Cases- 927) 7 228 Deaths (New- 13) 

COVID-19

Coronavirus Disease-19
On Tuesday,11th Feb 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared an official name for the new coronavirus disease: COVID-19. COVID-19 stands for Corona Virus Disease 19.

Image by _freakwave_ from Pixabay 


What is Novel Coronavirus?



Coronavirus is the respiratory virus



Coronaviruses (CoV) are a big family of viruses that cause illness starting from the common cold to more severe diseases like "Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV)" and "Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV)". A novel coronavirus (nCoV) may be a new strain that has not been previously identified in humans.



These Coronaviruses are zoonotic, meaning they’re transmitted between animals to other people.  Detailed investigations found that SARS-CoV was transmitted from civet cats to humans and MERS-CoV from dromedary camels to humans. Several known coronaviruses are circulating in animals that haven’t yet infected humans. Common signs of infection include respiratory symptoms, fever, cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties. In more severe cases, the infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, renal failure, and even death.



How does COVID-19 spread?
People can catch COVID-19 from others who have been infected with the virus. The COVID-19 can spread from person to person through small droplets from the nose or mouth which are spread when a person with COVID-19 coughs, sneezes or exhales. These droplets land on objects and surfaces around the person. Other people then catch COVID-19 by touching these objects or surfaces, then touching their eyes, nose or mouth. People can also catch COVID-19 if they breathe in droplets from a person with COVID-19 who coughs out or exhales droplets. So, it is important to keep more than 1 meter (3 feet) distance from a person who is sick.

What is the Incubation Period of Coronavirus (COVID-19)?




The incubation period of COVID-19 is thought to be within 14 days following exposure. based on current information, symptoms could appear as soon as three days after exposure to as long as 14 days later. Recently published research found that on average, the incubation period is about five days.



Image by Tumisu from Pixabay 




To date, there is no vaccine and no specific antiviral medicine to prevent or treat COVID-2019. However, those affected should receive care to relieve symptoms. People with serious illness should be hospitalized. Most patients recover thanks to supportive care.
Possible vaccines and some specific drug treatments are under investigation. They are being tested through clinical trials. WHO is coordinating efforts to develop vaccines and medicines to prevent and treat COVID-19.
The most effective ways to protect yourself and others against COVID-19 are to frequently clean your hands, cover your cough with the bend of elbow or tissue, and maintain a distance of at least 1 meter (3 feet) from people who are coughing or sneezing




CoronaVirus Disease 19.
Disease Control and prevention 



Prevention is better than cure
Standard advice to prevent coronavirus infection spread, do regular handwashing, covering nose and mouth while coughing and sneezing. Avoid close contact with everyone showing symptoms of cold and fever or respiratory illness such as coughing and sneezing.



Wash your hands frequently
Wash your hands often with soap and water or use an alcohol-based hand rub (Hand Sanitizer) even if your hands are not looking dirty.
Why? Washing your hands with soap and water or using alcohol-based hand rub/Hand Sanitizer abolish the virus if it is on your hands.



Practice respiratory hygiene
Cover your mouth and nose with flexed elbow or tissue While coughing and sneezing and discard tissue immediately into a closed dustbin and clean your hands with soap and water or alcohol-based hand rub.



Why? Covering your mouth and nose while coughing and sneezing prevent the spread of germs and viruses in the air. If you sneeze or cough into your hands, you can contaminate objects or people that you touch.

Image by Gerd Altmann from Pixabay



CoronaVirus Disease 19.
Stop the spread 
Maintain social distancing
Do not Handshake with anybody, maintain distance at least 1-meter (3 feet) between yourself and other people, especially those who are coughing, sneezing and have a fever.
Why? When somebody who is infected with respiratory diseases, like coronavirus- COVID-19, coughs or sneezes they project tiny drops containing the virus. If you stay too close, then you can breathe in the virus.
Avoid touching eyes, nose, and mouth with Hands
Why? Your Hands touch many surfaces that can be contaminated with the coronavirus. When you touch your eyes, nose, and mouth with your contaminated hands, you may transfer the coronavirus from the surface to yourself.
If you have fever, cough and feels difficulty in breathing, seek medical care immediately
Tell your health care provider if you have made international travel in an area where COVID-19 (coronavirus disease 19) has been reported, or if you have been in close contact with someone with who was ill or who has traveled from an affected country like China, and has respiratory symptoms.
Why? Whenever you have a fever, cough and feels difficulty in breathing it’s important to seek medical attention on time as this may be due to a respiratory infection or other serious conditions. Respiratory symptoms with fever can have many causes and depending on your personal travel history and circumstances, 2019-nCoV could be one of them.



CoronaVirus Disease 19.
If you have no travel history to or within the area in China and have mild respiratory symptoms.
If you have no travel history to or within the area in China or any other coronavirus affected country and have mild respiratory symptoms, carefully follow basic hand hygiene and respiratory hygiene and stay home until recovery, if possible.
As a general precaution, practice general hygiene measures when visiting live animal markets, wet markets, fish markets or animal product markets
After touching animals and animal products; avoid touching eyes, nose, and mouth with hands; and avoid contact with sick animals and spoiled animal products. Avoid any contact with animals in the market like stray cats and dogs, rodents, birds, bats. Avoid contact with particularly contaminated animal waste or fluids on the soil or anywhere.
Avoid uncooked foods, as per good food safety practices. Handle raw meat, milk or animal organs with care.




Image by _freakwave_ from Pixabay 



Protect yourself and others from coronavirus disease
Wash Your hands
  • Wash your hand with soap and running water when hands are visibly dirty
  • If not, frequently clean them by using alcohol-based hand rub or Hand sanitizer











Corona Virus Disease 19.

Protect yourself and others from coronavirus disease

  • Wash your hands
  • After coughing or sneezing
  • When caring for the sick
  • Before during and after you prepare food
  • Before eating
  • After toilet use
  • When hands are visibly dirty
  • After handling animals or animal waste




Protect others from coronavirus disease

  • While coughing and sneezing cover your mouth and nose with the flexed elbow or with tissue
  • Throw tissue into closed dustbin immediately after use
  • After coughing and sneezing or after caring for the sick Clean your Hands with alcohol-based Hand rub or soap and water
  • When you are experiencing cough and fever stay away from other people, avoid close contact
  • Do not spit in public
  • If you have a fever, cough, and difficulty breathing seek medical care immediately and share previous travel history with your healthcare provider 


  1. Image by Gerd Altmann from Pixabay 




Corona Virus Disease 19.

When to use a mask

  • Even If you are a healthy person, you need to wear a mask while taking care of a person with the suspected Coronavirus infection.
  • If you are coughing or sneezing, you must wear a mask
  • Use mask in combination with frequent hand-cleaning with alcohol-based hand rub or soap and water, only then the masks are effective
  • If you are using a mask, then you should know how to use and dispose of it correctly.




How-to put-on mask, use, take off and dispose of a mask

  • Clean hands with alcohol-based hand rub or soap and water before putting on a mask.
  • Cover nose and mouth with the mask and make sure that there are no gaps between your face and the mask.
  • Do not touch the mask while using it. Before touch clean your hands with alcohol-based hand rub or soap and water.
  • Replace the mask with a new one as soon as it is moistened. do not re-use masks.
  • While removing the mask, remove it from behind (do not touch the front of the mask) and discard immediately in a closed dustbin and clean hands with alcohol-based hand rub or soap and water.

Related Article  : Vaccine for Coronavirus (COVID-19)
                         : Helpline Numbers Statewise for coronavirus disease 
                 

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