Ebola Virus- Hemorrhagic fever virus

What is Ebola?

Ebola is a virus that causes problems with your blood clots. Ebola is known as a hemorrhagic fever virus, as clotting problems lead to internal bleeding, blood leaks from small blood vessels in your body. The virus also causes inflammation and tissue damage. There are five different species of the Ebola virus.
Ebola is spread through direct contact with body fluids --blood, saliva, urine, tears, sweat, mucus, feces, breast milk, and semen -- of people infected with it and also may occur from contact with items recently contaminated with bodily fluids

On September 8, 1976, a schoolteacher died in the hospital in the village Yumbuku near the tiny Ebola river, now it is known as the Democratic Republic of Congo, became the first known victim of a mysterious disease.

Figure 1Freesvg.org

“THE Ebola virus is far the worst in the short history of this strange virus, and it’s ignited a wave of alarm and generalized freak-out around the world.
Ebola virus disease", a severe infection with a laundry list of side effects including abdominal pain, fever, headache, nausea, sore throat, loss of appetite, vomiting, diarrhea, joint pain, bleeding from the gums, hiccups, and rash.
Ultimately, the Ebola Virus kills people through massive organ failure, a nice way of saying the body’s machinery breaks down from damage. This is due to low blood pressure from fluid loss and typically follows 6 to 16 days after symptoms appear.
There’s a lot we still don’t know about Ebola.
We don’t know how long it’s been around. We aren’t sure where it hides.
We don’t know exactly how it kills, or who may be immune.
But we do know that it should be taken very seriously,

Ebola is the Zoonotic diseases hideout in “reservoir hosts”, animals that carry the infection with little or no illness, until humans, spreading ever-deeper into the wild, By coming into contact by handling or eating them, giving the virus an opportunity to jump into our species.

                                          Figure 2141010-F-YC840-002.JPGPhoto By: Senior Airman Aubrey WhiteReleased

Key Facts About Ebola
The following information is from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the World Health Organization:
Ebola is one of the numerous hemorrhagic fever viruses. Case fatality rates have varied from 25 to 90 percent in past outbreaks. The average case fatality rate is around 50 percent.
Ebola first appeared in 1976 in two simultaneous outbreaks in Africa.
The virus is transmitted to people from wild animals and spreads in the human population through human-to-human transmission.
The natural reservoir, or host, remains unknown. However, researchers consider the fruit bat as the most likely natural reservoir.
When an infection does occur in humans, it can be transmitted to others through direct contact with the blood or secretions of an infected person
Exposure to objects, such as needles, that have been contaminated with infected secretions
Severely ill patients require intensive, supportive care. No licensed treatment or vaccine is available for use in people or animals.

Ebola vaccine
In In December 2019, an Ebola vaccine was approved in the United States. While there is no approved treatment for Ebola as of 2019, two treatments are associated with improved outcomes. Supportive efforts also improve outcomes. This includes either oral rehydration therapy (drinking slightly sweetened and salty water) or giving intravenous fluids as well as treating symptoms.


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